American Indian Law
404: Not Found
Sorry, but the content you requested could not be found
Indian Law Consultant Brian Utsey
When dealing with Indian Law, it's important to know that American Indian Tribes are separate legal entities under federal law and that each tribe has its own set of laws and court system. Members of an Indian tribe have a special status under federal law and the lands that make up Indian reservations are under the jurisdiction of the tribal courts.
There are 21 federally recognized Indian tribes in Arizona. Each has its own set of Tribal Laws.
In some cases, Tribal Law was based on the statutes that most state law is based on. But in other cases, Tribal Law is based on the traditions of the particular tribe.
Tribal Court System
Arizona’s 21 Indian Reservations each have their own Tribal Court System. The larger tribes have very structured and formal systems, while the smallest tribes may only have an informal and even part time Tribal Court System.
Tribal Sovereignty Definition
American Indian tribes have Tribal Sovereignty, which simply means they have sovereign immunity to lawsuits similar to other government entities. In some ways, tribal sovereignty goes beyond the sovereign immunity extended to other government units, like the states.